The Basics of Masonry Today

masonry paint

What are the basics of modern masonry? From stone, mortar, masonry, paint, and brick, learn what you need to know as a homeowner. Things all types of masonry have is that they are heavy, rigid, and often crack. Masonry requires stable, strong soil. In places that have severe cold weather, the expansion of ice can heave a home or building.

Footings

Your masonry walls rest on footings, a durable concrete structure. These footings help spread out the masonry over a large area. This prevents sinking and cracking. They are integral to supporting the weight of the building. Cracks in masonry paint may indicate failure or structural damage.

Concrete Basics

Contractors use concrete for a variety of construction needs. Concrete has sand, Portland cement, and gravel. What is Portland Cement? It is a combination of limestone and clay. The cement is fired at high temperatures. At that point the mixture is ground to a powder. The contractor adds water to the mixture on-site.

How long does it take for concrete to harden? Usually concrete needs a full month to harden 100%. However, you can walk on it after a day. Some additives will help strengthen the concrete, reducing chances of cracking. Retarders prevent the cement from settling much too quickly. An accelerator is more suitable for cold months when you need the concrete to settle fast.

Professionals at Cummins Restoration use a fully loaded truck to mix the concrete. Smaller jobs may have only pre-mixed bags. Traditional mortar uses lime. Lime makes the mortar sticker. This helps the mortar keep to the bricks and blocks. Additives help make the material work more effectively.

Call the Professionals Today

Professional masonry guarantees the most durability and high performance. Large jobs require heavy equipment, experience, and specialized tours. Whether you need your chimney restored, need tuckpointing, an inspection, or masonry repair, call the seasoned contractors at Cummins Restoration. Our friendly staff will be happy to talk with you.

We pride ourselves on superior workmanship and excellent customer service. When you need dependable masonry now, contact Cummins Restoration. Our customer is our number one priority.

What are signs of structural damage to a house?

cracks-in-foundation-when-to-worry

Your home is a sanctuary and an investment. But when you see cracks in the foundation – when to worry about calling a repairman? Your foundation provides your home’s overall structural integrity. When concrete cracks, long-term damage can cause expensive problems. Learn the difference between settling and serious foundation issues.

Your Home’s Foundation

Over time your home sinks into the ground. This is a natural occurrence. Changes in weather like a dry season to a really wet season can cause cracks in the foundation; when to worry? When you see cracks in doors and windows, sticking doors, and serious large cracks in the foundation. Soil contraction and expansion shifts the soil underneath your home. Settling and foundation problems can affect both new homes and much older homes.

Advanced Foundation Damage

Jagged cracks at 45-degree angles mean the home has serious shifting issues. The shift may have torn the sheetrock apart under the home. Your doors and windows stick as the foundation shifts. Cracks above window frames observed from the outside indicate that the foundation is in serious disrepair. Horizontal cracks in the foundation mean that there is hydrostatic pressure building up. Uneven flooring and cracks in bathroom tiles can be other indications that a home has serious foundation damage.

Foundation Repair

Hire a structural engineer to assess the damage to your home. They will evaluate the foundation and provide an engineered solution to fix the issues. This will cost a few thousand dollars. Your contractor has a few options to fix the damaged foundation. Bolting on steel braces and underpinning the foundation are two options. A brand new foundation for your home can cost tens of thousands of dollars. If you detect small hairline cracks, paint them over. Then monitor them for changes over time. Contact a professional if the cracks grow larger.

Do you think you need to repair cracks in your wall, need masonry, or have some structural issues? Contact our professionals today. We will be ready to help you.